BriefintroductiontothehistoryoftheChineseCommunistParty

 时间:2011-10-30 00:37:50 贡献者:黛玉语嫣如萍

导读:Brief introduction to the history of the Chinese Communist Party (1919-1927), Communist Party of China was founded in the early 1920 of the 20th century. The Communist party programme of giving for the first revolution against imperialism and feudali

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Brief introduction to the history of the Chinese Communist Party (1919-1927), Communist Party of China was founded in the early 1920 of the 20th century. The Communist party programme of giving for the first revolution against imperialism and feudalism, as has pointed out the target of the struggle of the Chinese people; bourgeois Democrats did not rely on the masses to revolution, promoting the Chinese workers ' movement emerged the first orgasm, the Chinese revolution in the face of a new. Under the CPC leadership, influence and promote, in cooperation between KMT and CPC under the condition of China set off a revolution against imperialism and feudalism. 530 campaign marks National Revolutionary upsurge in 1925 the arrival of the revolutionary war as a crusade against the Northern warlords laid its popular support. The Northern Expedition was carried out under the slogan of the Chinese Communist Party moved against imperialism and feudalism; advanced people in the Communist Party members and League members with the Kuomintang, played a key role in the Northern Expedition army. With the victory of the Northern Expedition, and rapid development of the leadership of the Party of workers ' and peasants ' movement, shaking the imperialist, feudal forces in China's ruling Foundation. At the critical moment in the struggle, because of the big bourgeoisie in the mutiny and the Communist Party of Chen du-Xiu's capitulationism errors occur, the revolution was a failure. (1927-1937) in 1927 after a failed revolution, in the face of new warlords of brutal rule of the KMT, CPC implementing agrarian reform and the overall orientation of the armed uprising. Chinese Communists represented by Mao Zedong, gradually switched the emphasis of the work of the party by the city to the countryside, the establishment of base areas, opening up the path of countryside surrounding the city, armed seizure of power. Leadership of the party base people armed and political power of workers and peasants of the revolution, many times in a row to beat the KMT's military "encirclement". Revolution towards the rejuvenation of the time, Wang Ming in the party "leftist" dogmatism errors serious loss to the party once again. As the fifth anti-"encirclement" campaign failed, the Red Army was forced to implement the strategic transfer-a long March. Zunyi meeting, held during the long March, correct the party's "left" mistakes and established the Marxist line represented by Mao Zedong's leadership, become a vital turning point in the history of the party, marking the party from an early age to maturity. Subsequently, the party led the Red Army to unusually strong willpower, enemy interception, and various hardships and difficulties, achieved a great victory of the long March. The anti-Japanese war (1937-1945) in July 1937, Japan launched an all-out war of aggression of imperialism. Programme of the nation by the Communist Party of the development of anti-Japanese, proposed route and protracted war strategy, principles of war, fighting for victory in the war of a clear path. The eighth route army under the leadership of the party, army and other armed anti-Japanese people deep behind enemy lines, mobilize the masses, opening up the anti-Japanese base areas behind enemy lines, the construction of anti-Japanese democratic regime. Base area army and gradually become the mainstay of anti-Japanese war. After the Sino-Japanese war entered the stage of stalemate, the party's leadership the enemy's rear area army and a resolute Japan invaders fought and the anti-Communist KMT Bigot to rational compromise countercurrent, profitability, and with the struggle. The Chinese people after eight years of hard work, finally achieved a great victory of the war, as well as international made an indelible contribution to the victory of the antifascist war.

Liberation (1945-1949) the end of June 1946, the KMT ruling clique flagrantly launched an all-out civil war. Under the leadership of the CPC, people's Liberation Army to defeat the KMT military attacks, and transferred to the strategic offensive. Liberated areas carried out land reform movement, the broad masses of peasants eagerly supporting the front. KMT ruled areas thrown up to the student movement led by people's movements, as support of the people's Liberation war of the second route. "Middle line" was bankrupt, further consolidate and expand the people's democratic unity front. Surrounded by the Kuomintang government in a nationwide. Party leading the people's Liberation Army in Liao-Shen, North China, Beijing and Tianjin three major battles, the eradication of which maintain their main military power of the reactionary rule of the Kuomintang. Seven at the second plenary session of the party to seize national victories and established new China politically, and ideologically prepared for. People's Liberation Army to cross battle, liberation of Nanjing, proclaimed the collapse of the Kuomintang reactionary rule. New-democratic revolution against imperialism and feudalism under the CPC leadership, achieved a great victory. Building (1949-1956) People's Republic of China was established, the Chinese people to stand up, began a new era of Chinese history. The CPC led the people of all nationalities throughout the country healed war wounds, adjust the economic structure of old China, so that the whole national economy is fully restored and developed rapidly. Under the direction of the party's general line, planned on a large scale economic construction in our country, in most regions of the country is made to the system of socialist transformation, promoted the development of productive forces, and laid the initial foundation of socialist industrialization in China. Socialist transformation in China destroys the exploiting class, the establishment of a new socialist system, this is a great historical victory. The basic completion of Socialist transform in 1956, laying a foundation for all progress and development of China then. The first five-year plan period, China's prosperous development of all aspects of construction. The Dong Cunrui, Pom Poko See this impressive film of the Dong Cunrui, my feelings, a myriad of thoughts, heart can't be calm once. Be full of hatred against the enemy, a tribute to Dong Cunrui, arises spontaneously in my mind. In 1945, the militia Dong Cunrui joined the eighth route army, aged 16, he in the fierce battle exercises gradually become a resourceful and brave soldier. In the meantime, also joined the Communist Party of China. In 1948, at the battle of liberation of Longhua, our military is resistance by the enemy bunker, Dong Cunrui Uncle hold black powder from under the bridge, unable to find the explosives bracket, they wanted to use the barrel of a gun smashed a hole in, haven't levering rocks, Horn rang up, many soldiers fell to the enemy's gunpoint, suffered heavy casualties. Dong Cunrui uncle to victory in the battle as a whole, to his comrades ' safety, took the hand holding dynamite, destroying the enemy bunker, bravely sacrificed his own precious life. After the concept, I can't help but think of a Deng Shichang, Huang Jiguang, and others, all of them are outstanding sons and daughters of China. Our flag, our red scarf, is their blood. Them by the aggressor in Chinese aggression, for the country's victory in the war, dying for their country. In an environment that we live in peace today, but we still face a challenge, this is the challenge of science, so we have to work hard, study hard, and always meet the challenges of science and technology, as a technological power of the motherland. I loved the film of the Dong Cunrui, want it to motivate more people to fight for country

Xibaipo travels In order to gain some deeper understanding of the Chinese Communist Party history, understand the party in the Chinese revolution is the most critical moment of the tide and achieved victory in the end, I visited the Holy places of the Chinese revolution--xibaipo. After more than four hours by car, we've arrived at this austere and sacred lands. Out of the car and, after a short photo, we went to the former site of the CPC Central Committee. Courtyard of former site of the CPC Central Committee, made up of several ordinary small courtyard. From the East and West, followed by Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, ren Bishi, and Dong bi-Wu's old House, back yard was Zhu de's former residence, there are military operations office and canteen. Yard buildings are all ordinary dwelling-style home, black plain wall, cross House music room is in each small homes built around modest fence. Look at all this, we thought we would naturally think of Jinggangshan dajing slim, thought of Yan ' an jujube gardens in yangjialing, that Interior simply "stand" how similar is similar. Interior wood table wooden chair, oil lamp Heatable Adobe sleeping platform, simple and crude as farmers in mountain areas. Only the pen and ink, books, maps and other items, ordinary and unusual. Corner window, Mau Huai tall bamboos, lush luxuriant Yu indifferent to quiet those reported in an elegant, poetic. Mao Zedong's small courtyard next to Zhou Enlai's small courtyard, horizontal sliding window will be laughing asked. Outside the yard they have a large rolling pan, listen to guide speaking, every major issues difficult to resolve, Mao Zedong used to push and grind, Zhou Enlai next to help, and around and around, the two giant wheels of promoting historical booming sound. Liu Shao-Qi and two fellow Hunan ren Bishi became a neighbor on the xibaipo, parents-in woven bamboo trunk hongfeng xiangjiang river water into the wind and rain in the village of Taihang, how much feeling. Tung and old in the room of an old spinning wheel, that was brought by Mrs Tung Yan, humming sound of spinning, often accompanied by Tung's old window light, ushered in xibaipo dawn. Backyard three cave-style living Commander-in-Chief Zhu, soil in front of a large ping, CEOs fist sword then often in the morning breeze in this acquisition, to show their skill. Exposure here, still feel Ying Grand and heroic air blowing to. I think xibaipo as the last stop of new-democratic revolution in China, is not only a great witness of the people's Liberation war to victory, but historical records of the Chinese people's revolution of the eternal. She will give us bearing in mind that part of glorious history, and continue to inspire us to work hard for our country create a more brilliant page [由 Microsoft® Translator 自动翻译]

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